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CSotD: Whatever Day

I’d have been surprised if Marty Two Bulls had let the day go by unremarked, and he’s on point in calling out the idea that there was some time in our post-Columbian history that was truly “great.”

America is a work in progress and after more than 500 years it’s appropriate to point out how little progress you will make if you aren’t willing to take a good hard look at where you are and where you’ve been and where you claim to have been heading.

At some point in college, we were assigned to read Rousseau’s “Discourse on the Origins of Inequality” and Ruth Benedict’s “Patterns of Culture,” in concert, which was a worthwhile exercise in contrasting philosophical contemplation with actual field work.

Rousseau came out looking naive, though it’s appropriate to point out that Hobbes’ view of life in nature being nasty, brutish and short is equally a matter of philosophy and not anthropology.

And in any case, the fact is that, when we study history, we always seem to end up with what the philosopher Stephen Stills described as people “singing songs and they’re carrying signs, mostly say ‘Hooray for our side.'”

 

Which brings us to Paul Fell‘s cartoon on the holiday, which evokes not Buffalo Springfield but, rather, Firesign Theater’s promise of  “a fair for all, and no fair to anybody.”

It seems that every culture has its own self-aggrandizing history. It’s far more annoying when it’s being proclaimed by someone at the top of the heap, but it’s no less mythological at any level.

Columbus Day is a little odd in that respect, because Washington Irving’s less-than-accurate biography of the man was a promotion of American Exceptionalism despite the fact that Columbus was not only not an American but was Italian and Catholic, which cast him well outside of the American ideal in the era when he was most praised.

And, as this article outlines, it’s surprising how much actual history we knew at the time.

We may not have discovered archaeological evidence yet, but we certainly knew the Vikings had been here, and, far more to the point, we had the writings of Bartolomé_de_las_Casas as a contemporaneous record of the horrors visited upon the natives of the New World by the explorers from the Old.

Not all the tragic impacts of our coming together were intentional villainies: It was unfortunate that Europeans had kept livestock in their homes while New World natives had not, but the consequential introduction of heretofore unknown and dread diseases was completely accidental.

Nor, for that matter, was unspeakably cruel and brutal behavior towards outsiders something Europeans introduced to the New World.

We were just better at it.

After all, Isabella may have financed Columbus’s voyages, but she had other hobbies as well, all geared towards improving the world by eliminating the “other,” or, at least, persuading it to give up its “otherness.”

It’s unfortunate that “American History” is taught as “the virus that spread from Plymouth Rock,” because, while English-speaking people were doing this and that back East, Spanish-speaking people were also making history in what eventually would be the United States.

The idea that what happened in the pueblos and on the rancheros was not history until “we” started moving out there represents a type of ‘white privilege” that wouldn’t be that hard to address.

This doesn’t mean going the opposite direction and teach a different brand of ideological history.

Simply teach history chronologically instead of in order of land acquisition and, as Loewen counsels, don’t try to make it into a triumphalist morality play.

Teach about the people.

Teach, for instance in this case, about how we pledged the Lakota sufficient land for their lifestyle, then proposed putting a railroad through the middle of it.

And don’t pretend that they were primitive, superstitious savages who were afraid of the Iron Horse — teach how they were canny politicians who knew damn well that it was the first step in breaking the treaty.

Again.

And that they were right.

I think teaching the history of our people — all our people — would be a better answer than swapping “Indigenous People’s Day” for “Columbus Day.”

Changing the name of the holiday feels a bit like hosting free screenings of “Dances with Wolves.”

Maybe we could have “Make America Great Day.” Skip the mythological “Again” and focus on living up to our own hype.

It could be like Earth Day, only, instead of going out and picking up litter, we’d make it a day for studying and honoring our treaty obligations, investigating land claims and extending a hand to those who need it, both native and immigrant.

Of course, the first step is to get out our awls so that we can make sure the Great Orange Father in Washington can hear us.

 

Community Comments

#1 Becky F
October/14/2019
@ 11:39 am

“Make America Great Day” — great idea! It would make the exclusive conservatives think they’d won something, and the inclusive liberals could just smile and get back to work on it.

#2 Mitch Marks
October/14/2019
@ 12:34 pm

I guess it would now be regarded as improper “physical appearance shaming”, since the guy was actually short, but at one job we enjoyed saying of the unpopular top boss “He’s really Hobbesian: nasty, brutish, and short”.

#3 Kip Williams
October/14/2019
@ 1:35 pm

Good call, invoking the Firesign Theatre, whose “Temporarily Humboldt County” is not only a very neat encapsulation of the history of relationships between Native Americans and Us, but one that becomes more true each time I listen to it.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=549&v=FqUyI5IIDOM

When I drive west from here, I go through Seneca Nation territory, where I used to see a sign that said “The grass still grows, the water still flows. Honor your Indian treaties!” Lately, the sign hasn’t been there, but it’s not because they honored the treaties all of a sudden.

#4 Mary McNeil
October/14/2019
@ 3:18 pm

Well put. “Reparations” should include honoring the treaties.

#5 Jackie
October/15/2019
@ 6:19 am

You know the Native Americans made war against each other. Montezuma was a warlord, and the Aztec Empire was spread by conquest and subjugation. And the English and the Iroquois were ALLIES. And the French and the Hurons were ALLIES. And they fought EACH OTHER.

A lot of bad things were done. But the now-common impression of “evil Europeans ruined a perfect paradise” is nonsense.

#6 Jackie
October/15/2019
@ 7:57 am

By the way, Bartolome de las Casas was a slaveowner who encouraged the African slave trade (he proposed it as an alternative to enslaving Native Americans). He also never met Columbus, and actually had an overall favorable opinion of him. He said Columbus had a providential role in “opening the doors of the ocean sea” and thought he was treated unjustly by the crown when he was accused of mismanagement. As opposed to the later Spanish conquistadors, whom Bartolome condemned and despised.

#7 Kip Williams
October/15/2019
@ 5:46 pm

If evil appeared in the world before we did, the Republican view is that we’re off the hook for everything we ever did, are doing, and will do in the future, so what’s the point of having morals? Just claim everything you do is moral instead.

#8 Mike Peterson
October/15/2019
@ 5:54 pm

I’ve noted before that the extremes of the Beaver Wars were matched by the extremes of the 30 Years War, so, yes, condemning Indians as “savages” is racist and ignorant.

But it’s very simplistic to cast the Iroquois and English as “allies” because there was significant division within the Iroquois nation over who to align with in both the F&I and Rev Wars as well as 1812, though that last was more muted. The best relationship was Iroquois/Dutch, but it didn’t last because of European politics. A shame — you can readily trace the difference between relations west and east of the Hudson and much of it is because the Dutch created a healthier relationship.

Bartholome didn’t know Christopher but he knew his son Diego and clashed with him. There was a lot of bad stuff going on back then and the benefit of his testimony is not that it’s perfect but that it exists at all.

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